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Types of Adaptation



After reading and taking notes on chapter eight (Communicating with Public Audiences) of Writing in the Sciences: Exploring Conventions of Scientific Discourse, 2nd ed. by Ann Penrose and Steven Katz (see link below), post an explanation of how the popular news piece you’re analyzing for the comparative analysis poster employs one or more of the adaptation strategies discussed in the chapter. Include example(s) if you can.

Penrose & Katz



  1. kgardner1130 says:

    The New York Times article I am using about the use of ibuprofen in athletes primarily uses the adapting through comparison and adapting through narration methods. The comparison model talks about the use of synonyms to create a better sense of understanding for a general population. The biggest use of this in the two articles I looked at was the use of the word “ibuprofen” in favor of “NSAID”.
    The Times article also employs the narration method. It takes a chronological approach by first discussing some previous research and then moves into the current study. It adapts the subject of the article to become the use of ibuprofen for athletes instead of the experiment and data itself.
    Finally the Penrose and Katz piece discussed “appeals to experience” and “appeals to authority”. This can be accomplished by the use of direct quotations. In the Times article, both the author of the study and another expert in the field are used to appeal to authority. These direct quotations are almost unheard of in scientific research.

  2. apectol91 says:

    The popularization article I am using for my comparative analysis is an article I found two weeks ago in the Florida Today newspaper of Brevard County. It is about a research study conducted which proved that engaging in an “active lifestyle” where short bouts of exercise throughout the day i.e. opting the take the stairs versus elevator, shows to be beneficial to your health as would doing long bouts of physical activity such as going to the gym for 30 minutes a day. This article, although very brief, uses adaptation through narration and examples.

    Because the article is so brief, it merely touches on the highlights of the study, providing the reader with basic information which may be the most beneficial/intriguing to its target audience of the general public. The article also incorporates quotations from researchers involved in the study which I think adds humility to the article that an astute researcher would provide his expert opinion to the general public, who although may be concerned with their health they also most likely do not posses the knowledge base to comprehend the intricacies of the research.

    Adaptation through examples is also employed in this article by making note of the information/results in the study which may be most aplicable and relative to the general population. Examples of health benefits include preventing high blood pressure, high cholesterol, coronary artery disease, stroke and type 2 diabetes. Although the actual journal article includes a much deeper analysis of health conditions and the physiological factors involved, these conditions are among those of the greatest concern in today’s society, especially to those men and women between the ages of 40-65 (ballpark estimate) who will most likely be reading this article. The article also provides examples of the short bouts of exercise which were included in the article, which can promote readers to engage in these activities and use this research to their benefit

  3. ryanmarracino says:

    The popularization article I’m using abou a study that is working on a new way to identify the brain injury CTE by being able to see an abnormal protein tau in the brain. The study is preliminary and is on a topic that is very controversial in the sports world. The main way the article adapts to the audience is through narration. It tells the importance of the study from the perspective of the players and family members of players who took part in the study. It also includes various quotes and interviews from a few of the co-authors of the study.
    Something I found interesting about the article was how it particularly seemed to avoid adaptation through definition. The only term that was defined at all was CTE (Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy), and it was merely to explain the acronym. In other areas thye used terminology like “patented brain imaging tool” instead of explaining the actual procedure used. The article also says the protein is found in areas of the brain controlling, “memory, emotions, and other functions” instead of saying the anatomical names for these parts as used in the actual study.

  4. sarahmhudak says:

    My article about level of body image and self image being able to be predicted by a person’s ability to hear their own heartbeat was adapted from an online scientific journal by Fox News Online. This popularized piece is much shorter than the actual research article. In order to convey the same amount of information in one page, Fox News Online used quotes and examples from other resources to bring in real-world context to the audience. Adaption through examples, to me, is one of the easiest ways to simplify the terminology used in a typical scientific article and make it more accessible to the public. The Fox News Online piece also uses adaptation through analysis. The actual research article is hard to understand for the typical reader, and the conclusions and applications are not easily understood. Fox News Online takes the result and provides the reader with a way to relate it to their world situation in a simple way.

  5. hgmohan says:

    My popularization piece is from Fox Health, discussing the effect of television on one’s sperm count. This was adapted from the British Journal of Sports Medicine. Fox didn’t do anything special, like using a narrative to engage the reader, nor did they provide any examples. This is most likely due to the relative simplicity of the topic. The only example they could have really said was “stop watching TV and start exercising”. Instead, Fox simply chose to condense the research as simply as possible, without throwing any numerical data in the reader’s face, and using examples from other scientists to bolster the research.

  6. kprashad says:

    The popular news piece details an experiment, which seeks to discover if hearing loss and getting older have some correlation. The news piece adapts through narration by telling the methods of the entire experiment beginning since 1997. The article uses quotes from the scientists that are detailed in their report and goes through their methods and results. Overall, the whole article is a basic summarization of the scientific article..

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